Hear and see the psalmist’s argument.
He who planted the ear, does he not hear?
He who formed the eye, does he not see?
Psalms 94, verse 9, ESV.
Of course these are rhetorical questions that demand a “Yes!” answer. So, if we read this argument backwards, we can say with assurance:
- A hearing God made human ears that can also hear.
- A seeing, or perceiving, God, made human eyes that can also see.
The psalmist points to the simple fact that God made us, and he confirms that God made, at least some, body parts that allow us to do, to a lesser extent, some of the things that God can do.
Thinking from End to Beginning
If we apply the logic of this thought, by looking at the human body and extending the capabilities of its parts back to God, we can understand something of what God is like and what he can do.
- A speaking God made human mouths that can also speak.
- A creating God made human reproductive systems that can also procreate.
- A working, helping, and saving God made human arms, hands, legs, feet and mouths that can also work, help, and save.
- A powerful God made humans with bones, and tendons, and muscles, and nerves, and skin to affect and to feel effects.
With the same logic, we can also look at less tangible human functions and say:
- A loving, hating, jealous, joyful God, made humans with the emotional capacity to also love, hate, and be jealous or joyful.
- A wholly holy God, made humans with the capacity to recognize and experience holiness and to also be-come holy.
- A good God made a way for humans to develop dispositions that can be good, or, if holiness is lacking or incomplete, its opposite, evil.
Some Counter Arguments
Of these less tangible human functions, you might push back and say, that the logic requires the conclusion that he who made the capacity for evil, is evil. But that is impossible. God cannot be evil because he is also completely holy, and complete holiness prohibits the slightest hint of evil.
You might also argue that God is evil because he hates or is jealous and those are evil emotions. But, with hatred or jealousy, the evil depends on the context. It is perfectly good to hate evil, and sometimes it is perfectly good to be jealous if you think of jealously as “fiercely protective” (as in keeping your loved ones from harm) or as “demanding exclusivity” (as a married couple rightly demands of each other). If we don’t see it now, on the last day, we will surely see that it is for our good, for our protection, and for our joy that God demands total faithfulness.
The Logic Continued
I could go on with this bulleted logic. After all, we are made in God’s image – in his moral image and in other ways that allow us to reflect who he is – his glory. But the last inference I will make in this exercise is:
- A knowing, discerning, judging, understanding, imagining, planning God made human minds that can also know, discern, judge, imagine, plan, and understand.
“God made human minds.” “God made us.” “God exists.” These are three simple sentences with complex rebuttals built in the hearts of rebellious humans. But, the bullet-point line of reasoning above is a strong persuasive argument for the existence of God and for the truth that God made us.
The Simple Argument
The argument goes like this:
- We can make sense of the physical world.
What we see, feel, touch, hear, and smell generally corresponds to what is really there in the world – to reality. Through our minds’ interpretation of sense information, we can make sense of the world.
- We can make sense of the physical world because human logic corresponds to the logic of how the world works.
We can label and organize sense information and use this organization to identify things, to make somewhat accurate predictions, to make plans, to judge if something is harmful or not, to assign different values to things, and to complete a whole host of other mental calculations. So, if we can understand our world, the argument goes, there must be some logic in the world that corresponds to human logic.
- Because there is corresponding logic between the human mind and the physical world, a rational, logical, God must have made us. Conversely, these two corresponding rational systems couldn’t have happened randomly – by chance.
Therefore, because the reality of the world can be discovered by the human mind, it is reasonable to conclude that neither the human mind nor the world could have randomly come about by chance. And, if neither humans nor the world are due to chance, it is reasonable to conclude that they did not come about through evolution or by any other chaotic or random means. Rather, logic requires us to say that they were created to be what a rational God wanted, not what evolution “wanted.”
Today, I actually heard a scientist say, “Evolution wanted …” I thought this “Freudian slip,” that personified evolution, portrayed his deep suppressed knowing of the truth that there is a personal Creator.
More to the Argument
In his book, “Apologetics to the Glory of God,” theologian, John Frame, points out that the logic of the system of evolution itself points to a logical creator. Charles Darwin, who did not create the physical world, presupposed a logical world that, up to a point, he attempted to explain rationally.
The hearing ear and the seeing eye,
the Lord has made them both. Proverbs 20:12, ESV.
Rational thought requires humans to say that a logical Creator created eyes and ears and minds capable of making sense of a world – a world designed by him to correspond with human senses and rational abilities.
God-Given Ways to Understand God as Creator
The heavens declare the glory of God, so, by understanding the world, we can use the Psalm 19:1-6 way to discover Creator God. By examining our abilities to understand the world, we can use this Psalm 94:9 bulleted-way, above, to discover God. And, finally, our understanding itself is proof that God made the world and everything in it. When we suppress this truth, it is not because this truth is irrational.
- In his book, Apologetics to the Glory of God, P & R Publishing, Phillipsburg: NJ, 1994, pp. 102-104, John Frame explains the ‘Epistemological Argument,’ above, much better than me.
- For more on why humans suppress the truth of God, read Romans 1:18-25.
- Of course Christ Jesus is the best way to understand God, but the ways above may help some people get to Jesus.
- The discussion above is not the main point of Psalm 94, but the theological application can be made from verse 9.
- Some philosophers would argue that the world is irrational, but I’m assuming they believe their arguments to be reasonable and to corresponded to reality.